Prediction – students think about what they expect to see or hear before consuming a text of some kind.
Prediction is a simple but effective strategy that teachers commonly use at the beginning of new activities or when introducing new texts. Teachers can ask students to think about what they ‘think’ an answer might be, how they ‘might’ solve a problem, or what the end result of a project ‘may’ look like. Prediction is sometimes nothing more than a guessing game or a brainstorm-type activity where students list out all possible outcomes. When introducing a text such as a short story, teachers usually ask students to predict what will happen before reading it. At least some information must be known to make this prediction, such as the title or graphics on the front cover.
Prediction is a powerful strategy as it provides a gateway to help students access a text. As students read or view a text, they search for details to confirm or disconfirm their predictions.
Teachers can have students make predictions by asking questions or providing an advanced organiser of some kind (such as a KWL chart). A range of different questions can be posed depending on the learning goals of the lesson or program and the students’ abilities. In early childhood, students read for reasons such as leisure, developing oral and listening skills, vocabulary expansion, word familiarity, learning phonics, and social skills development. These reading goals predicate questions about plot, characters, words and sounds.
High school students read to improve their comprehension skills, for specific information such as facts, to broaden their experiences and knowledge, to deconstruct a text, or for critical analysis (see the critical literacy strategy later in this book for more details). High school teachers may ask questions about spelling and vocabulary, as well as more advanced questions related to themes, concepts or ideas, selection of detail, imagery and point of view. Pre-reading activities such as prediction are just as important to the development of critical literacy skills as the actual reading or viewing (picture books) of the text.
Prediction is a powerful strategy as it provides a gateway to help students access a text. As students read or view a text, they search for details to confirm or disconfirm their predictions. This improves comprehension and increases on-task behaviour – students are eager to know whether their predictions were correct. This strategy also helps the teacher to link the lesson’s goals to the text by requiring students to read for a specific purpose. For example, suppose the lesson’s goal is to learn about how authors use stereotypes to construct characters. Students could make predictions about the characters based on the front cover and title. While reading, they could record as much as they can about each character. Afterwards, the teacher could ask whether their predictions were accurate and link back to the goal of the lesson: ‘were your predictions correct? Was it because the characters were generic stereotypes?’
Adam Green is an advisor to government, a registered teacher, an instructional designer and a #1 best selling author. He is completing a Doctor of Education and was previously head of department for one of the country’s largest SAER (students at educational risk) schools. Adam is managing director of ITAC, an accredited training provider for thousands of teacher aides every year.
Source: Teaching Skills and Strategies for the Modern Classroom: 100+ research-based strategies for both novice and experienced practitioners. Amazon #1 best seller in the category of Classroom Management.
The introductory teacher aide course covering all the basics of working in a school.LEARN MORE
The industry standard TA course with a focus on disabilities and disorders.LEARN MORE
Save time and money by completing ITAC's popular Teacher Aide Combo.LEARN MORE
Be sure to ask your provider for a sample of their resources and assessments before enrolling.LEARN MORE
Government funded in New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland.
Interest free plans from $15 - no hidden fees; includes all resources.
Free learner guides, audiobooks, e-books, live webinars & lecture library.
Australia’s only integrated course structure means finishing sooner.
Australia’s only true Teacher Aide Combo – saving time and money.
For the CHC40221 Certificate IV in School Based Education Support.
Friendly trainers with years of experience in local schools.
We visit every learner on placement to help improve their practice.
So you can be sure that the course is right for you.
Supported, self-paced online mode or class-based from 1 day per week.
Learn the best practice skills that schools now demand.
Links with thousands of schools around Australia.
The Institute of Teacher Aide Courses is the go-to provider for nationally recognised teacher aide courses. Around 1 in 2 students choose to study Australia's most popular TA course with ITAC.