KWL charts – an advanced graphic organiser that helps students to understand and comprehend a text by targeting their attention to search for specific details. Students divide a page into 3 sections: ‘what I know’, ‘what I want to know’, and ‘what I learned’.
KWL is an acronym for:
A KWL chart is a simple and effective type of graphic organiser used by teachers to introduce and guide students through a new topic or text. Students first identify ‘what they already know’, as well as ‘what they want to know’. Then, as they study the topic or consume the text (such as by reading a book), they search for specific information based on ‘what they want to know’. Following the activity, students reflect on whether they were successful by outlining what they learned. The ultimate goal of a KWL is to develop self-directed independent learners capable of planning, monitoring and reviewing their own learning without teacher support.
The immediate purpose of graphic organisers like KWLs is to help students to become more active learners. For example, providing specific targets for students to work towards while reading a book means that they will actively search for specific information while reading (and not be overwhelmed with the 80,000+ words and subsequently remember very little). KWLs provide students with an approach that directs their attention. This in turn informs them about what information can be discarded, thereby reducing their cognitive load and memory burden. This helps student comprehension to improve along with their overall understanding. Teachers can also target skills that they want students to develop such as vocabulary, character development, imagery and theme. In non-fiction texts, students can look for facts and figures, evidence of bias or value judgements, or key information relevant to a specific issue or situation.
The ultimate goal of a KWL chart is to develop self-directed independent learners capable of planning, monitoring and reviewing their own learning without teacher support.
KWLs require almost no preparation or resources. They can be completed on a task basis (such as learning about Neanderthals), a text basis (such as before watching a documentary) or a unit of work basis (such as over a period of 2-10 weeks). Teachers often break each column of a KWL chart into subcomponents as a further guide. For example, if studying a historical figure, the ‘want to know’ column might include several sentence starters (called writing stems or just stems for short) such as ‘Who…’, ‘When…’, ‘Where…’, ‘What…’, ‘Why…’ and ‘How…’. As with all strategies, KWLs can be adjusted to suit the needs of the teacher, the topic and the student.
Adam Green is an advisor to government, a registered teacher, an instructional designer and a #1 best selling author. He is completing a Doctor of Education and was previously head of department for one of the country’s largest SAER (students at educational risk) schools. Adam is managing director of ITAC, an accredited training provider for thousands of teacher aides every year.
Source: Teaching Skills and Strategies for the Modern Classroom: 100+ research-based strategies for both novice and experienced practitioners. Amazon #1 best seller in the category of Classroom Management.
The introductory teacher aide course covering all the basics of working in a school.LEARN MORE
The industry standard TA course with a focus on disabilities and disorders.LEARN MORE
Save time and money by completing ITAC's popular Teacher Aide Combo.LEARN MORE
Be sure to ask your provider for a sample of their resources and assessments before enrolling.LEARN MORE
For the CHC40221 Certificate IV in School Based Education Support.
Interest free plans from $40 - no hidden fees, includes all resources.
From $50 - courses subsidised by the Queensland government.
Friendly trainers with years of experience in local schools.
We visit every learner on placement to help improve your practice.
A 30-day no obligation period so you can be sure the course is for you.
Supported, self-paced distance mode or class from 1 day per week.
Learn industry best practice and research-based pedagogy.
An established provider with more than 5000 happy graduates.
The Institute of Teacher Aide Courses is the go-to provider for nationally recognised teacher aide courses. Around 1 in 2 students choose to study Australia's most popular TA course with ITAC.
Enquiries: email@example.com | 1300 858 191 (main info line) | Perth: (08) 6555 2992 | Brisbane: (07) 3188 0299
Head Office (WA): Unit 38, 12 Junction Blvd. COCKBURN CENTRAL WA 6164
Queensland (by appointment only): S16, Level 18, 324 Queen St. Brisbane QLD 4000
© 2021 Institute of Teacher Aide Courses | RTO 52215 | ABN 38 149 840 611