1300 858 191     ·       info@itac.edu.au     ·       CONTACT FORM
  FACEBOOK    ·       LANGUAGES    ·       LOG IN


Facial expressions

Behaviour Management

Facial expressions

a guide for classroom teachers and teacher aides

Teacher with a disapproving facial expression and body language.

Facial expressions refer to the way in which teachers send messages to their students by ‘making faces’. Teachers become very apt at using facial expressions and the vast majority of students are exceedingly adept at interpreting and understanding the subtle changes – particularly when directed towards them in combination with strong eye contact. For the purpose of practicality, facial expression includes movement of the head as well (most ‘faces’ combine a slight head movement and a facial expression). We all know the usual facial expressions for angry, happy, sad and so forth. However, in the world of teaching there are many, many more, as well as varying degrees and combinations. Many teachers add a touch of theatrics such as using a face of ‘sarcastic surprise’ or ‘over-acting shock’ to communicate the need for a student to reconsider their behavioural choices. They may also show a ‘confused face’ to indicate that they are confused about why a student chose a certain behaviour (even though they are not confused by the behaviour at all).

Hint: Try a combination of 2 or more facial expressions in quick succession for extra effect. For example, begin with ‘shock’ or ‘disbelief’ by opening your eyes wide and inhaling loudly, then lower your brow and squint in order to show concern and a closer inspection of the behaviour – lean in a little as well to mimic moving closer (proximity). A slight head tilt (like a dog) can be used to ask, ‘what are you doing exactly?’.

Many teachers learn to partially ‘control’ their classes with facial expressions alone. They save energy, protect your voice, ward off stress, cannot be mistaken for escalations, and are simply the easiest ways to provide direction. There are plenty of ways teachers can manoeuvre their faces and heads and a never-ending number of combinations: a raised eyebrow, eyes wide open followed by a slow ‘no’ head shake, a slow inhale, pointing with a lowered eyebrow and a head tilt, a slow blink, an eye roll, a closed mouth smile, a slow ‘yes’ nod, just to name a few.

Many teachers add a touch of theatrics such as using a face of ‘sarcastic surprise’ or ‘over-acting shock’ to communicate the need for a student to reconsider their behavioural choices.

Performing these actions followed by a small smile or mouthed ‘thank-you’ to an individual student ensures the message is polite yet firm, giving the impression of a secret conversation. More challenging students find it very difficult to argue and oppose facial expressions alone – they have no words to ‘grab hold of’ or to react to. A simple wink or thumbs up is also always welcomed. The more you can communicate from afar without having to use your voice, the more control you have (broadly speaking) and the less your responses interrupt the learning of non-targeted bystanders.

Hint: Dogs tilt their heads to the side to show that they are trying to understand what you are saying or doing. Similarly, a head tilt in humans is usually taken to mean ‘did you say/do what I think you just said/did’?

Not only can facial expressions include a sense of theatrics, they can also be over-exaggerated (showing ‘utter disbelief’ for example). To do this however, it needs to be clear that you are over-acting purposefully – think about a professional mime artist using hyper-expressions to show disbelief at a silly magic trick (e.g. retrieving a coin from behind a child’s ear) or sadness (e.g. when a young child starts to cry). Adding this sense of theatrics, exaggeration and humour is not only effective, it can be mastered even by introverts and those who couldn’t (and wouldn’t) perform on stage or in public in a million years. Additionally, the application of this technique doesn’t require active thought like many other techniques; there is something innate about giving and receiving facial expressions that allows them to easily become a natural part of your practice.

Hint: Teachers will commonly tell you that they could do cartwheels in front of their students, even though they are petrified at just the thought of public speaking in other forums. Your personality, character, expression, demeanour, attitude and confidence inside the classroom is something of an act. While based on your personality, your teaching style is NOT your personality.

About the author

Image of the managing director of ITAC.


Adam Green is an advisor to government, a registered teacher, an instructional designer and a #1 best selling author. He is completing a Doctor of Education and was previously head of department for one of the country’s largest SAER (students at educational risk) schools. Adam is managing director of ITAC, an accredited training provider for thousands of teacher aides every year.

Source: Behaviour Management Skills and Strategies for the Modern Classroom: 100+ research-based strategies for both novice and experienced practitioners.

Disclaimer: While every effort has been made to check his article for accuracy, information may be outdated, inaccurate or not relevant to you and your location/employer/contract. It is not intended as legal or professional advice. Users should seek expert advice such as by contacting the relevant education department, should make their own enquiries, and should not rely on any of the information provided.


Call Us

1300 858 191
(08) 6555 2992

Email Us


Visit or Post

Unit 38, 12 Junction Bvd.


8:00 am - 4 pm Mon-Thu (WST)
8:00 am - 2 pm Friday (WST)

Brisbane office (By appointment only)

S16, Level 18, 324 Queen St
Brisbane QLD 4000

Perth Office

Queensland Office (by appointment only)


CHC30221 Certificate III in School Based Education Support & CHC40221 Certificate IV in School Based Education Support


CHC30221 Certificate III in School Based Education Support

The introductory teacher aide course covering all the basics of working in a school.



CHC40221 Certificate IV in School Based Education Support

The industry standard TA course with a focus on disabilities and disorders.



Study two courses in one streamlined program with the Teacher Aide Combo

Save time and money by completing ITAC's popular Teacher Aide Combo.



Have a look at our range of sample course resources and materials

Be sure to ask your provider for a sample of their resources and assessments before enrolling.



CHC30221 Certificate III in School Based Education Support & CHC40221 Certificate IV in School Based Education Support

50% choose ITAC

For the CHC40221 Certificate IV in School Based Education Support.


Interest free plans from $40 - no hidden fees, includes all resources.


From $50 - courses subsidised by the Queensland government.


Friendly trainers with years of experience in local schools.


We visit every learner on placement to help improve your practice.


A 30-day no obligation period so you can be sure the course is for you.


Supported, self-paced distance mode or class from 1 day per week.


Learn industry best practice and research-based pedagogy.


An established provider with more than 5000 happy graduates.


The Institute of Teacher Aide Courses is the go-to provider for nationally recognised teacher aide courses. Around 1 in 2 students choose to study Australia's most popular TA course with ITAC.